So, we can agree that the old age, as well as other periods of life, has its own age-development tasks. In this light, it should be noted particularly that between wisdom may not simply continue to develop, but the rise of a new creative aged 63 – 70 years. Our own observations largely confirm this. Some authors extend the age limits of the possible creative upsurge. B.Livehud in this context provides interesting facts. Thus, the artist Granda Modes, it appears, began painting at age 80. A Japanese artist Hokusai noted that all he created 73 years worth nothing. There are examples of our compatriots. November 27, 2000 in St. Petersburg celebrated the 100th anniversary of Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences 3. I. Mishunin, which recently finished one of his books. And in Armavir widely known 93-year-VI Rogachev, which up to now is the Chief Scientific Officer Institute of Canning and Vegetable Drying Industry. But the facts say that an elderly person can achieve a major success in life, not only in the professional field. As an example, we present excerpts from the diary of 64-year-old G. Melnikov about the beginning of his novel, which lasted 15 years and ended only with the care of his life (diaries were kindly provided by his daughter).

“During the day I showed her my garden, planted with my hands: young apple trees, lilac bushes, blooming peonies. On a bed of rose luxury with three lily flowers.
In the evening we sat on the porch and listened to the nightingales. And I do not feel lonely. I walked her to the house, but to sleep that night, I could not. Nightingales sang all night. And I wanted to believe that these wonderful sounds were heard in the soul of the one I love.
Suddenly, in our souls blossom violet,
Spring comes.
About her, about the spring, know two of them.
It is not visible to anyone ..
In their hands … will warm your hand
And goodbye kind words to say.
It is easier to go through separation,
It will be easier to wait for spring.
When autumn rain
Will be knocking on the glass,
The warmth of my soul will be with you.
It is easier to go through separation.
After all, I am always with you, and you – with me.
But back to the essence of the crisis. As you can see, there are two main lines. First – this is the need for limb own existence. The second – the adoption of the need to fulfill those vital tasks that are not performed during the previous life.
In case of a successful resolution of the crisis in the elderly setting is changed to their own lives in their old age. Disappears setting for old age as a period of rest and relaxation. Old age comes to be seen as a period of serious internal work and internal movement. It can be assumed that the forced reduction of external human activity in old age should be seen as an opportunity to broaden and deepen the scope and depth of the inner activity.
Let us consider in more detail how can manifest crisis in the elderly. To begin with, the most difficult to prevent in mind the idea of ​​the limb of his life on earth. Why so often see their rejection of old age. The effects of aging, many tend to consider the symptoms of the disease, which, like any illness, can disappear. So much time is spent on treatment, compliance with the requirements of doctors. Sometimes struggle with aging is the main occupation of the pensioner. In this case there are overvalued relation to medicines and hypochondriac fixation on their painful feelings.
Some older people may slightly reduce the overall background mood. For example, the question, “Well, how your mood?” Elderly person can answer: “Average, as always. Particularly good I never have. ” Becoming more frequent depressed, sad mood without the presence of objective justification for this. Increasing resentment and mistrust disturbing and negative emotional reactions to certain trouble getting quite protracted.
NF Shakhmatov believes that during this period, almost half the elderly have specific depressive mood disorder – age and situational depression. It is characterized by a feeling of emptiness, worthlessness, lack of interest in anything. Acutely experienced loneliness, which can only be an experience, not actual loneliness. And in this case, lifestyle, family members conversations seem empty and boring. Such a depressing mood may remain until the end of his life. In this case, the most elderly, it seems normal, and offers of assistance are usually rejected. In other words, people live with the thought, “I have all the bad, all of them bad in the country is bad, everything is bad everywhere.”
Focusing on the fears of the elderly. The researchers describe the type of biological enhancement fears associated with growing helplessness and decay processes of the body’s own functions. Also, appear irrational fears (eg, fears of attack, harassment), moral fears (to give an account of the meaning of his own life). It can be said that the overall level of fear is greatly increased. Some researchers believe that many forms of behavior traditionally ascribed to old people – harsh reactions, the propensity to reflection, reserve, tendency to criticize the environment – can be interpreted as ways to deal with their own fears and anxiety.
The next thing we note is either categorical avoidance of older themes of death, or the constant reference to it in the form of a “soon to die, already tired of living, zazhilas” etc.
A significant aspect of the crisis is the deprivation claim to recognition in many older. This is due to the fact that the fundamentals are lost external recognition: status, material wealth, appearance. For those people for whom the recognition of the importance of external indicators higher than the internal, there is the threat of the destruction of the “I”, reduce self-esteem.
It should be noted also that the elderly person has a fresh organize their time. Previously, life is largely regulated by external circumstances, in particular the work. Now the man is alone with himself, that for many difficult and unusual.